3 Deep Leadership
Developing the leaders you need in your church is one of the most important tasks you will face as a church planter. There are a number of critical questions you will need to answer about leadership in your church, such as: Who should lead? How do I develop leaders? And, what are the key leadership roles? In this post we’re looking at the depth of your leadership, your leadership bench. If you are going to successfully lead a viable, sustainable church you will need to develop a 3-deep leadership system.
Levels of Leadership
In its most basic form a leadership system will have three levels of leadership. We’re not talking roles (like pastor, elder, teacher) nor functions (apostle, prophet, evangelist). We’re talking about levels of leading.
Leadership begins early in life for most people. The typical pathway is that we are good at something so others look to us to help get something done. Who was always captain of the school playground teams? It was the most athletic, the most capable, and the best players in the school. Because they could do something well the rest of us tended to look to them for leadership. They led by doing.
In a church this is your entry level for leaders. If someone is showing leadership potential (i.e., they seem to be able to do something well) give them a task to complete that is a one-off activity with a definite beginning, end, and purpose. If they complete the task well you’ve got a doer and a potential leader on your hands. On your seed team if a person is not a proven leader you at least want them to be doers. But doers are not necessarily leaders. Remember this mantra and repeat it often:
Leaders lead people; they don’t just do tasks
Level 1 – The Task Leader
If a person does the task well to help them grow into leadership stretch the task into an assignment, a repeating, ongoing task where the person must organize and direct others to do the task. This is when true leadership begins, when a new leader begins to lead others.
Task leaders typically lead small teams of people, from a few to a few dozen. This is the size of a small group, a Bible class, a youth group, or a missional community. Task leaders create energy. They bring activity and excitement. You might think of task leaders as people who can organize “parties” other people like to be at.
In a new church your task leaders are the people who will lead your financial team, your set-up and tear-down crew, and many of your service activities.
Level 2 – The Team Leader
Where the task leader knows how to get tasks done, the team leader is an organizer and problem-solver. Team leaders are leaders of leaders. They help your task leaders stay on task and get their jobs done.
As a church planter you definitely need some team leaders on your seed team. They will be your missional community leaders in the first year of your church plant. Your team leaders will help you gather your launch team of sixty people in at least two missional communities. In your first year of planting you will need to develop additional team leaders to lead new missional communities and to organize service activities.
Level 3 – The Planning Leader
The planning leader know what needs to be done, then recruits and equips the people needed to get the work done. Planning leaders are problem-solvers. They see the gaps, the places of need, and they take the responsibility to fill the gap.
Think of planning leaders as load-bearing walls in the developing structure of the new church. In a house the load bearing walls hold up the roof and keep the house together. In a church the load bearing leaders help you carry the weight of responsibility. The lack of planning leaders, leaders who can work at the third level of leadership, is a significant cause of church planter burnout. You’ve got to have people you can depend on to see the need, find the solution, and carry the responsibility to make sure what needs to get done does get done. Look for at least two people who are already planning leaders or who have definitie possibility to become planning leaders.
As your new church develops you and your planning leaders will form the lead team of the church. Typically you will be responsible for the missional community and outreach load while your other two leaders will carry the worship and children’s ministries. Without these planning leaders you will find everything coming back to you.
You and two planning leaders can probably grow the church to the 120 mark. When you get ready to bust through the 200-barrier you will need at least four of these planning leaders. As the lead planter you will need to grow these additional planning leaders in your second and third years
Example of 3-Deep Leadership in Missional Communities
Now let’s illustrate 3-deep leadership using missional communities (MC) as an example.
One-Deep. When you start your missional community activity typically you’ll begin by running a model MC for three to six months. During this time you’ll lead the MC with two team leaders as your assistant leaders. You’ll set the rhythms for your MCs and get people used to the MC idea. At this point you’re a task leader leading one deep. You are leading people in a missional community.
Two Deep. At the designated time you’ll end the example MC to begin two MCs, each led by your assistant leaders. Rather than you leading the MCs you are going to lead the MC leaders in a huddle format. While they meet and run their MCs weekly you’ll meet with them monthly to help them solve-problems, develop growth strategies, and gain confidence in discipling people. At this point you have a 2-deep leadership system. You are now acting as a team leader leading task leaders.
Three Deep. Now lets say you have three or more missional communities, each with its own leader, assistant leader, and so on. In order to resource and coordinate these MCs you appoint an MC coordinator who takes your role in leading the MC leaders. Your MC coordinator is a team leader who can really take on the missional communities while you lead the whole church. Now you have a 3-deep leadership system: level 1 task leaders lead their MCs, level 2 team leader(s) lead, train, and coordinate the MC leaders and you are leading the church as a planning leader. That’s a basic 3-deep leadership system.
You need to grow your leadership system while you’re growing the church numerically. If you are leading your new church personally, as a task leader, you’ll top out at about 60 people, well below the crowd size of 80. With a 2-deep leadership system with task and team leaders you’ll probably be able to stay above 80 but struggle to reach 120. With a 3-deep leadership system of task, team, and three planning leaders you should be able to reach 120 and can prepare yourself to break through the 200-barrier.
This week a church planter and I were coaching on networking strategies. How do you go about entering into a new community and finding those Persons of Peace?
Here's some ideas we came up with:
1. Ask people who know your community to help you understand it. These are people like realtors, school principals (particularly elementary schools), and police officers. Tell them who you are, what you are doing (this is your confession of faith as a planter), and how they can help you. If they agree they've begun to show signs of a person of peace because they are helping the mission.
2. Invite people to work alongside you in service events for your community. There are many good organizations, non-profits, and already existing activities in a community that always need help. You can become a resource for them (i.e., you're their person of peace). As you invite people into the activities of these already existing groups you also let them know you are doing this because you are starting a new church and you believe a church is a helping contributor to the community. When you do this you are building an identity and giving the people you invite the opportunity to connect with that identity. So, when someone asks, "Why are you here helping?" you want them to be able to say, "I was invited by Joe who is planting a new church here."
3. Organize special events that gather people, then let them know what you're doing as a church planter and invite them to next steps. The key, again, is to not hide anything. Be up front with who you are (a church planter, a Christian, a Jesus follower) and what you are doing (starting a new church). Take the mystery out of the picture. Give clear invitations to learn more. This provides people the opportunity to grow into becoming Persons of Peace.
My experience has been that most of the Persons of Peace with whom I have worked didn't come fully engaged. They learned about me and about my mission over time and with exposure. God gradually formed them into Persons of Peace.
I pray you keep your eyes open for those budding Persons of Peace in your community, your life, and your ministry. Receive them with joy. They are God's gifts to you for His glory.
The Church Planting Vision
Start with the end in mind (Stephen R. Covey, Seven Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change )
We could also start with Genesis 1. As God "in the beginning" forms creation there was, as Paul intimates, a plan for creation conceived and carried out by Jesus, the one by whom all things were created (Colossians 1:16). What both the Bible and Stephen Covey reflect is the idea that something does not come from nothing. There must be something--a conception, an idea, a vision, a dream--that gives rise to the creative event. That idea is the formative essence of vision.
It's well documented that church planters need to be vision casters, people who are able to see so clearly what does not yet exist that others are willing to commit themselves to bring that thing (a new church) about. We feel the idea of vision creation so important that it is one of the central pieces we look for in our church planter assessment (Discovery Lab). We truly believe Charles Ridley is right when he lists vision casting as a knock factor.
In personality theory the Myers-Briggs concept of iNtuition is important. People with the N as their second letter in the MBTI four letter sequence (example ENTP). Aubrey Malphurs lists four MBTI types as strong indicators for church planting success: ENTP, ENTJ, ENFP, and ENFJ. All of them have the iNtuition aspect in their personality. In the DiSC behavioral assessment it is the high DI combination, the Influencer, that tends to have most success in planting new churches. We look to these two instruments to give us starting points for vision casting.
But what then? How does vision really form that is so compelling that even the planter is willing to run the risk of failure just to have the opportunity to see something happen?
We have found Will Mancini's Kingdom Concept a valuable conceptualizing tool for vision development. Mancini sees vision lying at the intersection of Apostolic Esprit, Local Predicament, and Collective Potential. You can download his chapter to get the fuller description of these. Here let's make it even more simple:
The planter's call is the fountain of God's vision
At Kairos we speak of the planter's call as consisting of 3 P's:
1. People. We know that planters are people who love a specific group of people whom God has placed on their heart. Planters love these people so much they are willing to pursue them, seek them out, live among them, and love them. In some respects the People aspect of the call is like the Kingdom Concept's collective potential. A clear, relevant vision is built on knowing the people. Some basic tools you can use to learn your people better are the NAMB Demographics Guide, focus groups, and Conversation and Cuisine events.
2. Place. These people live in a specific place. This Place is not just geographic, it is psychographic--the personality, values, opinions, attitudes, interests, and lifestyles of the people who live in their community. The Place contains the ideas of Mancini's local predicament. We recommend planters construct a Community Map to help them learn and understand their community. Learn the boundaries and markers of your community that define what it is and both attracts and repels people.
3. Passion. Vision expresses passion; it embodies and gives to passion. Passion is what people feel as the planter casts vision and lets them see something that makes them wish they could experience that new church in reality. It's the passion that releases the energy it takes to do the day to day grunt work that is the building blocks for success. Passion is similar to the Apostolic Esprit. For planters, look back at your Discovery Lab report. We've given you a lot of reflection in that document. You can also see your Myers-Briggs, DiSC and results of your planting Initial Self Assessment for planters.
The Kairos Strategy Lab is the place where we help planters move their vision from their heads and hearts onto paper where others can see it too. The Kairos Strategy Lab Workbook will guide you through the preparation process to get your vision ready so God can use what he has put on your heart to bring about a new church where people can experience His great salvation.